By Peter Norton
Peter Norton covers an issue of serious relevance to scholars of early Church historical past and overdue antiquity alike. He demanding situations the normal view that when the adoption of Christianity via the Roman empire the local people misplaced its voice within the appointment of bishops, and argues that this correct remained in thought and perform for longer than is generally assumed. on condition that bishops grew to become very important to the working of the empire on the neighborhood point, a formal figuring out of the way they got here into place of work is vital for our figuring out of the later empire.
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Extra info for Episcopal elections 250-600: hierarchy and popular will in late antiquity
43. 5 Nicaea, can. 4: ¯ðßóŒïðïí ðæïóÞŒåØ ìÆºßóôÆ ìbí ðe ðÜíôøí ôHí Kí ôfi B KðÆæ÷ßfi Æ ŒÆŁßóôÆóŁÆØ: åN äb äıó÷Ýæåò åYç ôe ôïØïFôï; j äØa ŒÆôåðåßªïıóÆí IíÆªŒçí j äØa ìBŒïò ›äïF, KðÜîÆíôïò ôæåEò Kðd ôe ÆPôe óıíÆªïìÝíïıò, óıìłÞöøí ªØíïìÝíøí ŒÆd ôHí Iðüíôøí ŒÆd óıíôØŁåìÝíøí äØa ªæÆììÜôøí ôüôå ôcí ÷åØæïôïíßÆí ðïØåEóŁÆØ: Ôe äb ŒFæïò ôHí ªØíïìÝíøí äßäïóŁÆØ ŒÆŁ KŒÜóôçí KðÆæ÷ßÆí ôfiH ìåôæïðïºßôfi ç. H–L I. i, 539. 22 Legislation and theory if any one should become a bishop without the knowledge of the metropolitan, the great synod has decided that such a one must not be a bishop.
2–33. 34 The ruling of the commissioners can be found in ACO II. I, 457. The rise of the nobles is argued compellingly by J. Liebeschuetz, The Decline and Fall of the Roman City (Oxford, 2001), esp. 105–55. 36 Legislation and theory him to the list and choose him, providing that he associates with clerics for a period of three months before his election, to learn his future duties. Should they be unable to Wnd three suitable candidates, then two or even just one candidate can be put forward. It is at this point that the law becomes rather odd.
Some caveats are necessary. 1 Thus 1 On the formation of canon law in the East, E. Schwartz, ‘Die Kanonessammlung der alten Reichskirche’, in Gesammelte Schriften, Band 5, (Berlin, 1960), 159–275. Also, J. Gaudemet, ‘Droit romain et droit canonique en Occident aux IV et V sie`cles’, in Actes du Congre`s de droit canonique (Paris, 1950), 254–67. More recently, H. Hess, Legislation and theory 19 an understanding of the context is often crucial to the correct understanding of the intentions which underlie particular rulings.