By Catherine A. Simon
'Every baby issues' represents the main radical switch to schooling and welfare provision in nearly 20 years. The publication strikes past a descriptive 'how to' framework to envision the underlying political and social goals of this coverage schedule. @contents: 1. The Political Origins of each baby issues 2. Modernizing the Welfare country: New Public administration three. foreign Comparisons: No baby Left in the back of and Excellence for All americans four. certain begin: battling city drawback five. The 5 results of each baby issues 6. Poverty and financial health 7. baby Welfare and Looked-after young ones: From defense to Prevention eight. Citizenship and a brand new Social Order nine. not easy mom and dad: govt in loco parentis 10. Multi-agency operating: Plowden Revisited eleven. Redefining the schooling area: The problem for colleges 12. end: Does each baby nonetheless subject?
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Additional info for Does Every Child Matter?: Understanding New Labour's Social Reforms
They needed to improve the uptake of mathematics, science and language courses in order to compete for supremacy in the new technological space-age. Historically, the UK and the USA had achieved a high level of industrialisation in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. While their economies were flourishing, political control of education was minimal as there was no economic requirement for a formally educated workforce. However, as the industrial base gave way to modern technological and service industries in a globalised economy, so the demands on education changed.
Belsky and Melhuish, 2007: 148–9) Findings indicated that there was little evidence that SSLPs achieved their goals of increasing service use or of improving families’ impressions of their communities. They did appear to improve family functioning to a degree, especially amongst non-teen mothers of 36-month-olds. For children from relatively less disadvantaged households there was some benefit to be derived from being in an SSLP area. This was not evident for those from more disadvantaged families such as teen mothers, lone parents or workless households.
By 1994 the Reauthorisation of the ESE Act declared a nationwide commitment to standards-based reform. Congress adopted the notion of ‘adequate yearly progress’ (AYP) which was later to become the linchpin of NCLB (Rudalevige, 2003). Some states, such as Iowa, proved resistant to developing standards. Texas, on the other hand, embraced such measures wholeheartedly, developing a system of sanctions and rewards for schools (Thrupp and Hursh, 2006). The Texas Assessment of Academic Skills model became the blueprint for NCLB.