Download Asimov’s Biographical Encyclopedia Of Science And Technology by Isaac Asimov PDF

By Isaac Asimov

During this remarkably thorough and completely soaking up ebook, Isaac Asimov lines the historical past of technological know-how, from historic Egypt to the atomic age--through the lives and careers of teh women and men who made it. In 1,510 biographical sketches he offers a wealth of evidence and anecdotes that remove darkness from each one person's contribution to the realm of technological know-how. And via arranging the entries chronologically, he exhibits in addition the interactions one of the numerous members and one of the quite a few brances of technology. From Imhotep to Neil Armstrong, from Cleveland Abbe to Vladimir Zworykin, Asimov captures the substantial scope and human drama of medical discovery in a booklet that makes a useful reference--and interesting examining.

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CONTENTS THOMSON, Sir George Paget [1156] THOMSON, Sir Joseph John [869] THOMSON, Robert William [637] TINBERGEN, Nikolaas [1326] TING, Samuel C. C. c . Imhotep is remarkable for being the first historic equivalent, known by name, of what we would today call a scientist. There was not to be another for over two thousand years. The one definite feat that is attributed to him is that of being the architect of the “step pyramid” at the modern village of Sakkara (near the site of ancient Memphis) in Egypt.

Thales was the first Greek to maintain that the moon shone by reflected sunlight and this, too, may rep­ resent Babylonian lore. Thales also borrowed Egyptian geome­ try, but here he made a fundamental ad­ vance. He converted it into an abstract study, being the first man we know of to consider it as dealing with imaginary lines of zero thickness and perfect straightness, rather than with actual lines, thick and imperfect, scraped in the sand or scratched on wax. ) Thales seems also to have been the first to go about proving mathematical statements by a regular series of argu­ ments, marshaling what was already known and proceeding step by step to the desired proof as inevitable conse­ quence.

We have only very slight in­ formation about Thales’ younger con­ temporary, Eupalinus [8], who in his way may have been as accomplished a sage. In later centuries, when the Greeks made up lists of the “seven wise men,” Thales was invariably placed first. c . c . Like Thales, whose pupil he was, Anax­ imander helped introduce the science of the ancient East to Greece. He was the first Greek to make use of the sun­ dial, for instance, which had been known for centuries both in Egypt and Bab­ ylonia.

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