By Charles W. Carey Jr.
Sooner than 1901, whilst the 1st Nobel Prize was once presented, many of the state of the art clinical study and idea used to be being performed in Europe, the place some of the world-class chemists, physicists, and clinical researchers resided. through 2004, americans had received greater than 2 hundred Nobel Prizes within the sciences - greater than the other unmarried country. in the course of that century American scientists, despite their self-discipline, led the way in which in constructing the theories and experiments that experience propelled humankind's wisdom of technological know-how ahead. "American Scientists" presents 250-300 entries at the scientists who've tremendously impacted society and the clinical group. each one authoritative access covers the scientist's heritage info, together with information about the individual's specialist occupation and accomplishments in the medical international. including to this available reference are additional interpreting lists particular to every access, seventy three images, cross-references, a bibliography, a common index, and topic indexes - one through self-discipline and one by means of yr of delivery.
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Extra resources for American Scientists (American Biographies)
S. citizen. Threatened with mandatory retirement in 1966, he left Harvard that same year for the University of Hawaii, where he finished out his career. In addition to teaching sensory sciences there, he conducted research for the telephone company in Hawaii. Békésy first became interested in the mechanics of human hearing while working for the Hungarian telephone system. His primary research duties involved designing improvements to Hungary’s long-distance service, but he eventually came to regard the ear as the most important feature of any telephone transmission system.
Alexander Dallas Bache, Scientist and Educator, 1806–1867. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1947. Slotten, Hugh R. S. Coast Survey. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994. Baltimore, David (1938– ) virologist David Baltimore codiscovered retroviruses, cancercausing viruses that replicate themselves by reversing the normal transmission of genetic coding. For David Baltimore helped discover that certain cancercausing viruses replicate themselves by encoding from RNA to DNA. (Courtesy of David Baltimore; photo by Bob Paz/Caltech) 16 Banneker, Benjamin California; at the Salk Institute he worked with RENATO DULBECCO.
In 1863 he helped organize the National Academy of Sciences and served as its first president. In this position, he guided the academy’s efforts to help the federal government make use of new scientific and technological developments during the Civil War. Today, the academy remains one of the most important bodies for organizing, implementing, and assessing large-scale scientific research projects. After the Civil War, Bache returned to his duties at the Coast Survey. He died on February 17, 1867, in Newport, Rhode Island.