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By Jörg Rüpke

A finished remedy of the numerous symbols and associations of Roman faith, this spouse areas some of the spiritual symbols, discourses, and practices, together with Judaism and Christianity, right into a higher framework to bare the sprawling panorama of the Roman religion.

An cutting edge advent to Roman religion.
Approaches the sector with a spotlight at the human-figures rather than the gods.
Analyzes non secular alterations from the 8th century BC to the fourth century AD.
Offers the 1st heritage of spiritual motifs on cash and household/everyday utensils.
Presents Roman faith inside its cultural, social, and historic contexts.

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Extra info for A Companion to Roman Religion (Blackwell Companions to the Ancient World)

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Which he supported with Cicero Nat. 41 (sed ecquem tam amentem esse putas, qui illud, quo vescatur, Deum credat esse). Here lies the reappearance of scholarship on Roman religion, albeit for polemical purposes. Deists and rationalists alike in the Enlightenment used Greco-Roman texts both traditionally and originally. For some, the alleged “primitive” observances provided Approaching Roman Religion 19 further evidence that all religion was depraved. For others, the “primitive” observances were signs of primeval virtue, from which contemporary religions, especially Christianity, had departed to their detriment.

Gwyn Griffiths, Leiden 1975), Philostratus’ Life of Apollonius of Tyana, Lucian’s Alexandros and The Syrian Goddess, and Aristeides’ autobiographical Hieroi Logoi. One should not forget the Christian New Testament, in particular the Acts of the Apostles, and the early acts of martyrs, which narrate the confrontations of Christians with the Roman administration in provincial centers. Finally, the emperor Julian’s Letters attest the project of an anti-Christian revival and Neoplatonic modification of traditional cults.

What was helpful as regards human superiors should be useful in dealing with the gods, too. What was assumed to function among the gods should offer a model for human behavior, for consuls and kings. Without doubt, “gods” were important symbols, either in direct representation or by their assumed existence behind the attempts to communicate with them ritually. Methodologically, however, it is important neither to engage in a debate about their existence nor to expect to find them or their traces empirically.

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