By Dr. Matthew Nichols
You recognize that Rome wasn’t in-built an afternoon, yet simply how did a cluster of small hilltop villages extend to turn into one of many maximum empires in history?
Why did Romulus kill his brother Remus? How was once a legion equipped? Did humans quite communicate Latin? What leisure may you spot on the Colosseum? And what was once lifestyle like for a Roman citizen?
This booklet takes a singular method of answering these kind of questions and extra. 30-Second historic Rome offers a special perception into probably the most brilliantly ruled societies, the place army may perhaps and expansive empire prepared the ground for technological advances that assisted in shaping our glossy life. From aqueducts to sewers, from mosaics to clinical diagnoses, this is often the straightest highway towards knowing the 50 key concepts and concepts that constructed and outlined one of many world’s nice civilisations.
Read Online or Download 30-Second Ancient Rome: The 50 Most Important Achievments of a Timeless Civilisation, Each Explained in Half a Minute PDF
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Additional info for 30-Second Ancient Rome: The 50 Most Important Achievments of a Timeless Civilisation, Each Explained in Half a Minute
The successful elites—the men who wrote our literary and epigraphic sources—responded with enthusiasm, leading the adoption of Roman styles of living, but with many rich local variations; resistance and discontent are naturally harder to find in the surviving evidence. 3-SECOND SURVEY Life in the provinces of the Roman empire varied dramatically according to time and place; Rome’s influence was sometimes overwhelming, and sometimes subtle. 3-MINUTE EXCAVATION Though our evidence is incomplete and differs by period and locale, it is hard to escape the conclusion that the “pax Romana” enabled an enormous upsurge in productivity and trade, and accordingly in fine architecture and the amenities of civilized living, in the provinces.
Annona A handout of grain to citizens living in Rome, initially subsidized and then free—a vital part of the “bread and circuses” handed out by emperors. “bread and circuses” Panem et circenses, a cynical phrase coined by second-century CE satirist Juvenal to signify the emperors’ generosity toward the urban population of Rome through the provision of cheap food and free entertainment. consul The top magistrate of the Roman republic; each year two were elected, to keep each other in check. Dacia An eastern Roman province in what is now Romania, finally conquered by Trajan.
From aqueducts to sewers, from mosaics to medical diagnoses, this is the straightest road toward understanding the 50 key innovations and ideas that developed and defined one of the world’s great civilizations. CONTENTS Introduction Land & State GLOSSARY Foundation Site of Rome Republican Government Profile: Julius Caesar Imperial Government Empire & Expansion The Roman Legion The Roman Legionary People & Society GLOSSARY Citizenship Slavery Social Class & Status Profile: Augustus Men & Women Sex Life in the Roman Provinces Roman Law Roman Life GLOSSARY Agriculture Trade & Industry Coinage & Currency Eating & Drinking Profile: Pliny the Younger Time & Calendar Entertainment & Sport Medicine Language & Literature GLOSSARY Latin Education & Literacy Drama Rhetoric Profile: Virgil Prose Writing Latin Lyric Poetry Inscriptions & Graffiti Thought & Belief GLOSSARY The Roman Pantheon Imported Gods Christianity Profile: Constantine Imperial Cult Astrology & Divination Philosophy Death & The Afterlife Architecture, Monuments & Art GLOSSARY Columnar Orders The Colosseum & Circus Maximus Temples The Forum Profile: Livia Drusilla Triumphal Arches Mosaic Statues & Portraits Tombs Buildings &Technology GLOSSARY Fortifications Roman Artillery & Siege Weaponry Profile: Vitruvius Housing Baths & Hypocaust Roads Aqueducts & Sewers Concrete & Vault Resources Notes on Contributors Index Acknowledgments INTRODUCTION Matthew Nicholls Traces of the huge Roman empire remain all over Europe, from northern Britain to Syria and the coast of north Africa.